Definitions of disability
According to the definition given by the World Health Organization, the area of disability includes impairments in the organism’s functions or structures, limitations of activity and restrictions of participation or involvement in ordinary life situations. Thus, a disability reflects the interaction between an individual and the society in which he/ she lives.
Some examples of disabilities are:
- Motor disabilities;
- Chronic illnesses, physical disabilities: cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes;
- Mental health problems: schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, chronic depression, anxiety;
- Sensory disabilities: visual, auditory;
- Learning disabilities: reading difficulties (dyslexia), writing difficulties (dysgraphia), mathematical learning difficulties (dyscalculia);
- Attention Deficit Disorder, with or without Hyperactivity;
- Autism Spectrum Disorders;
- Disabilities that are consequences of trauma, accidents, injuries, with temporary or permanent sequelae.